The 17th Century originated thirteen traditional arts and crafts also known as “Zorig Chusum” is the genesis of all other forms of arts in Bhutan. Zorig Chusum includes thangka (mural) painting, sculpture, carving, calligraphy, casting, paper making, embroidery, textile, carpentry, masonry, bamboo weaving, gold and silver smiting, and blacksmithing. The arts in Bhutan are closely welded with Buddhism. Bhutanese believe that the arts and crafts in Bhutan are the sacred representation of the body, speech and mind of the Buddhas and Bodhisattavas. The murals of Buddha, embroidered thangka of Guru Rinpoche, golden scriptures on the prayer wheels to the idyllically carved altar are some paradigms.
The stone stupa or Chortens are also considered as Arts and Architecture in Bhutan, for they are monumental architecture unfolding the history and importance of the place. The illusive gigantic fortresses or the Dzongs in Bhutan are fine epitome of Bhutanese architecture. A glance at those magnum opus monuments are enough to relinquish upon seeking the definition of true beauty.
And if you past a valley, your gaze will be seized by the colored houses embellished with phalluses on the mud-stacked walls and whiff of chili-cheese swiveling through the kitchen of the houses will incapacitate your olfactory system. Beyond the sky and earth, these cultural heritages and arts are paramount importance in defining Bhutan.